Lane detection for Self Driving Cars

This blog is about deep learning solution for lane detection in self driving cars which i prepared for my final year project. You can find all code related to this project on my github.

About

People can find lane lines on the road fairly easily, even in a wide variety of conditions. Computers, on the other hand, do not find this easy. Shadows, glare, small changes in the color of the road, slight obstruction of the line…all things that people can generally still handle, but a computer may struggle mightily with.

  • Distortion removal on images
  • Application of color and gradient thresholds to focus on lane lines
  • Production of a bird’s eye view image via perspective transform
  • Use of sliding windows to find hot lane line pixels
  • Fitting of second degree polynomials to identify left and right lines composing the lane
  • Computation of lane curvature and deviation from lane center
  • Warping and drawing of lane boundaries on image as well as lane curvature information

1. Camera Calibration & Image Distortion Removal

Image distortion occurs when a camera looks at 3D objects in the real world and transforms them into a 2D image. This transformation isn’t always perfect and distortion can result in a change in apparent size, shape or position of an object. So we need to correct this distortion to give the camera an accurate view of the image. This is done by computing a camera calibration matrix by taking several chessboard pictures of a camera and using cv2.calibrateCamera() function.

chessboard corners traced on a sample image
distorted vs undistorted

2. Apply a distortion correction to raw images.

The calibration data for the camera that was collected in step 1 can be applied for raw images to apply distortion correction. An example image is shown here in Fig 3. It may be harder to see the effects of applying distortion correction on raw images compared to a chessboard image, but if you look closer at right of the image for comparison, this effect becomes more obvious when you look at the white car that has been slightly cropped along with the trees when the distortion correction was applied.

Final Results

Student MIT WPU, Pune

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